• Post category:JavaScript
  • Reading time:4 mins read

Today we will give you an understanding of the map(), filter() and reduce() operators in JavaScript. These three operators are very useful in JS development.

In order to understand, let’s start with an example. Consider the below variable with default value.

const products = [
    "name": "product 1",
    "size": "small",
    "weight": 50
    "name": "product 2",
    "size": "small",
    "weight": 100
    "name": "product 3",
    "size": "medium",
    "weight": 150
    "name": "product 4",
    "size": "big",
    "weight": 500

Understanding of the Map, Filter and Reduce functions

  1. Map Operator
  2. Filter Operator
  3. Reduce Operator

1. Map Operator

If I already have an array and I want to do the exact same operation on each of the elements in the array and return the same amount of items in the array, use the map.

let product_list = products.map((product, index, products) => {
  return product.name
// Output: ["product 1", "product 2", "product 3", "product 4"]

In the above example we will have an array of product names.

2. Filter Operator

If I already have an array but I only want to have items in the array that match certain criteria, use the filter.

let small_products = products.filter((product, index, products) => {
  return product.size === "small"
// Output: [{"name":"product 1","size":"small","weight":50},{"name":"product 2","size":"small","weight":100}]

3 Reduce Operator

If I already have an array, but I want to use the values in that array to create something completely new, use the reduce.

let total_weight = products.reduce((weight, product, index, products) => {
  return weight += product.weight
}, 10);
// Output: 810

Let’s take the understanding of the parameters. Reduce function has two major parameters.

  • The first parameter is the callback function and the second parameter is initial value.
  • The callback function has four parameters.
    • The first parameter is the initial value or the previously returned value of the function. In our case it’s 10. You can set any value as per your requirement.
    • The second parameter is the current element in the array.
    • The third parameter is the index of the current element.
    • The last is the full array.

Note: If you are not define the initial value then by default it will consider the first element of an array as a initial value.

Thank you for reading. Happy Coding!

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